He had no experience with the Arctic. But he knew how to wage war. Adolphus Greely joined the army at the age of 17 and was severely wounded three times.
January marked the anniversary of the death of Dr. Xavier Mertz. He was the first Swiss to set foot to Antarctica. The crew member of the 1911-1914 expedition met a bad end in the perpetual ice.
Until recently, it was generally assumed that life was no longer possible below a water depth of 500 metres.
Jacques-Yves Cousteau, the skinny man with his red bobble hat, was the hero of my childhood. I think I shared my enthusiasm for Cousteau with an entire generation.
History loves winners. Only they are remembered, even the second one is forgotten. Does the name of the second astronaut on the moon catch your mind?
Ivan Papanin was a Soviet polar explorer and led the expedition that first came near the North Pole in 1937 on a drifting ice station.
Alfred Wegener was a meteorologist and polar and geoscientist. His most important contribution is his theory of continental shift.
Edith “Jackie” Ronne was the first woman to take part in an Antarctic expedition with her husband Finn Ronne, to work there and overwinter.
Carsten Borchgrevink was not the first person on the Antarctic continent. But the first one to overwinter there.
Frederick Cook was a medical doctor. Cook accompanied Robert Peary on an expedition to Greenland. Later, they fought over the North Pole and its discovery.
William Speirs Bruce was a young Scot who had travelled to Antarctica for the first time as an expedition leader in 1892-93. Bruce was also a member of the Jackson-Harmsworth Expedition to Franz Josef Land in 1896-97 and 1898 in Spitsbergen in the Arctic.